How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions – how-wiki.ru
21.02.2024

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Follow our instructions and you'll be fine, even if you've never done it before. -c949f1c.jpg” alt=”How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions” />

Dmitry Sazhko

Lifehacker Author

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

In most cases, during the reinstallation process, you have to format the local drive that contains the current version of Windows. That is, before installing a new system there, you will have to erase the old data. So you need to first copy to the cloud or to a physical medium absolutely all the information that you are afraid of losing.

If you choose not to reinstall, but to reset Windows to factory settings, you will be prompted to leave all the files in their places. But it’s better to play it safe and transfer all more or less important data to the cloud or to an external hard drive. A backup is never redundant. If you have paid programs installed on your computer, be sure to read their documentation about the rules for working with licenses when reinstalling Windows, otherwise you may lose them.

When all the necessary backups are made, you can proceed to reinstall. There are three ways to reinstall the system.

The first, and easiest, is to reset your computer to its original state directly from Windows Settings. The second is almost the same as the first, only you will perform the reset from the recovery menu. This is useful when the system does not start properly. The third method is a bit more complicated – you will have to prepare a bootable media, flash drive or disk and install the system from them again.

Choose a method according to the situation – try reinstalling from external media if a simple system reset does not solve your problems with your computer .

How to reinstall Windows from System Settings

Click Start → Settings → Update & Security → Recovery → Reset this PC → Get Started.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

You two options will be available. The first is to save your files and only reset the settings. The second is to erase them and reinstall the system again.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

The last option is quite radical, but it allows you to solve a wider range of computer problems. So, if you did not neglect the creation of a backup in the previous step, feel free to choose “Delete everything”.

Then choose where Windows should take a new system image for reinstallation. She can download it from the Internet or use the built-in one.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

If you are not confused by the need to download about 4 GB from the network, choose the first option – this will allow you to get an updated system right away. Then click “Next” again.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Make sure all options are selected according to your wishes and click the “Factory” button.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

The computer will restart.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Now it remains to wait for the reinstallation to complete. This will restart the computer a few more times.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

At the end, a clean and fresh Windows will be waiting for you.

How to reinstall Windows in recovery mode< /h2>

Sometimes the system cannot start normally and go to “Settings” to start reinstalling does not work. In this case, the recovery mode built into Windows will help you.

It is activated in several ways. First, if you can open the “Shutdown” menu – to do this, hold down Shift, and then click the “Restart” item. Secondly, if the system does not start at all, you can turn on the computer, wait a few seconds, turn it off – and repeat these steps until the “Automatic Recovery” menu appears on the screen.

Once in the recovery environment , click Troubleshooting.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

Then – “Reset your computer”.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Depending on whether you have already backed up your data, you can try saving it or clearing the disk and reinstalling everything.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

After that, the computer will restart and ask you to select your account.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

You will then be asked to enter your password. If you don't have it, you can just press Enter.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Choose where Windows should get the new system image from to reinstall. She can download it from the web – it will take about 4 GB of traffic – or use the built-in one.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Make sure all settings are correct and click “Reset to original state” '.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Now you will need to wait while Windows reinstalls.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

This will restart the computer several times. Don't touch it until you see that everything is ready.

How to reinstall Windows from external media

In rare cases, resetting Windows to factory settings may not solve the problem. In addition, sometimes the system does not start at all and the recovery mode is not activated. Finally, sometimes it is necessary to reinstall the system on a new drive because the old one is broken. In all these cases, reinstalling Windows from a USB flash drive or disk can help you. Here's how.

Make sure you don't lose your activation key

If you want to install or reinstall a licensed version of Windows, make sure you have the appropriate activation key. Even if you are already using an activated system and just want to install the same version again, the old activation key may come in handy again.

You can see it on a sticker on the bottom of your laptop or inside the package with the disk from which the system was installed last time. For more information on how to find it, see the Microsoft guide. To view your activation status, click Start → Settings → Update & Security → Activation.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

If the system is activated with a digital license , it means that your laptop or computer has a key embedded in the chip and you will not need to enter any combinations at all when reinstalling.

Create a boot disk or flash drive

If you already have a bootable flash drive or disc with the version of Windows you are about to install, you can proceed to the next step. Otherwise, you need to download the Windows image from the Internet and burn it to any free media. Here we will briefly show how to create the latter using Microsoft's Media Creation Tool.

1. Go to the Microsoft website and click “Download Tool Now” to download the Windows 10 bootable media maker. If you need a different version, select it in the Windows tab.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

2. Run the downloaded program and accept the terms of the license agreement.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

3. Click on “Create Installation Media”. .jpg” alt=”How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions” />

4. Select the settings for the new version of Windows manually, or leave the “Use the recommended settings for this computer” checkbox if you are installing the system on the current computer.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

5. Decide on the media type. If you select the ISO file, you can download the Windows image and burn it to disk with some other program, such as Rufus.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

6. Specify the path to the disk or flash drive where you will write the image.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

7. Wait for the process to complete.

If for some reason you cannot download the Media Creation Tool, you can see other ways to create a bootable Windows flash drive in our guide. To do this, use any image of Windows found on the Web, and the Rufus program.

Most importantly, before creating media, decide on the version of Windows that you will install and check that the computer meets its system requirements. This information can be found on the official Microsoft website or on the disc with the purchased Windows. Don't forget to also check that your computer supports the new version's bit depth: 32 or 64 bits. In order not to miscalculate, you can install a version with the same bit depth as your current version of Windows.

Boot the system from a disk or flash drive

Now that you have physical media with the desired image Windows, you need to enter a special BIOS software environment and select a disk or USB flash drive as a boot source here.

1. Insert the boot media with the Windows image into your computer.

2. Restart your device. As soon as the computer starts to boot again, press the jump key to the BIOS settings. This is usually Delete, F2, F8, F9, or F12, depending on the hardware manufacturer. Most often, the desired key is displayed on the screen during BIOS boot.

3. While in the BIOS menu, go to the Boot section if the system did not redirect you there immediately.

4. In the Boot section, set a USB flash drive or disk with Windows as a boot source (in the screenshot above, the disk is selected as an example). If you do not know how to do this, look around – you will see hints about the controls on the screen.

5. Save your changes.

Perhaps, instead of the classic BIOS, you will see a more modern graphical interface. In addition, even in various older versions of the BIOS, the settings may vary. But in any case, the procedure will be approximately the same: go to the boot menu, select the desired media as the source and save the changes.

After that, the computer should boot from the selected disk or flash drive.

Run the wizard settings

If you did everything correctly, the Windows setup wizard will appear on the screen. Further actions do not exceed the complexity of installing an ordinary office program. Select the language you want and click Next. 34c416a.jpg” alt=”How to reinstall Windows step by step” />

Now click Install.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

If you have an activation key, enter it. If you don't need it, click “I don't have a product key”.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

Select which edition of the operating system you want to install, “Home” or “Professional” .

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Accept the terms of the license agreement.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Click “Refresh” if you want to try to save your data, or “Custom” if you want to format the drive and install the system from scratch.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

Choose which disk install the operating system. If you have several disks on your computer – for example, one for the system and the second for data – do not mix them up, otherwise you will lose your files.

How to reinstall Windows: step by step instructions

Click Next and wait for the system to install.

How to reinstall Windows: step-by-step instructions

After the installation is complete, the computer should boot into normal operating mode.

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